Emergency Room for Migraine Care

Migraines can be a medical emergency. Get help without the wait – no appointment needed.

Having the occasional headache can be normal but when your headache evolves into a persistent, debilitating migraine, it’s time to pay closer attention. Migraines go beyond regular headaches; they’re a common neurological disorder that affects people of all ages. Studies show migraines impact over 10% of people worldwide, with a higher likelihood between ages 20 to 50 and they’re more common in women. Severe migraines require urgent attention; they’re not just painful, they can be life-altering. If you or someone you know shows signs of a severe migraine, head to a Surepoint ER near you for immediate help. Our dedicated team is ready 24/7 to offer reliable relief when migraines strike!

woman with migraine

What Is A Migraine?

A migraine is a neurological disorder characterized by a pulsating headache that can last anywhere from 4 to 72 hours. It comes with symptoms like sensitivity to light or sound, nausea, and vomiting. Some people might experience visual disturbances called auras, like zigzag lines or flashes of light, before or during a migraine. During a migraine, your brain’s lining gets an inflammatory signal that activates pain nerves, causing intense head pain. Managing migraines involves identifying triggers, using preventive meds, and over-the-counter relief when needed. Quick treatment is key if a migraine gets severe, because it can affect your overall body function. If you notice new or worsening emergency migraine signs, head to your local Surepoint ER right away for help.

Surepoint is Open 24/7 Near You!

If you are experiencing vomiting or nausea, extreme sensitivity to lights and sounds, or any other serious migraine symptoms, please visit a Surepoint ER nearest you. We are open 24-7, no appointment needed.

What Causes Migraines?

Why migraines happen isn’t crystal clear, but researchers think some people might be more prone to them due to genetic mutations, changes in the brain from various experiences, and lifetime injuries. Yet, these factors aren’t the whole story. Lifestyle choices and environmental shifts, known as triggers, can up the chances of getting a migraine. Doctors have identified several common triggers that can kickstart migraines in people who are already susceptible to them. Understanding your triggers can help mitigate the risk of migraines. Common migraine triggers include:

  • Eating specific foods or drinks with additives (such as aged cheeses, alcohol, smoked meats, caffeine, aspartame, and MSG)
  • Stress
  • Exposure to certain types of light
  • Sensitivity to particular smells (like perfumes)
  • Weather changes, including bright sunlight, extreme temperatures (heat or cold), high humidity, very dry air, windy or stormy weather, or shifts in barometric pressure
  • Skipping meals or dehydration
  • Hormonal changes, especially in women experiencing migraines before or during their menstrual cycle
    Inadequate or excessive sleep

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Migraines?

man with migraine

Migraines affect people of all ages. The symptoms differ from person to person depending on the type of migraine and the stage of the migraine attack. Migraines have four phases, each with its own set of unique symptoms. Common signs and symptoms of migraines by phase include:

​​Prodrome phase symptoms (may happen a day or two before a migraine attack):

  • Cravings for specific foods
  • Mood changes, like sudden feelings of sadness or happiness
  • Unstoppable yawning
  • More thirst and bathroom trips
  • Stiffness in the neck

Aura phase symptoms (may happen before migraine pain and last 5 to 60 minutes):

  • Visual disturbances
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Weakness
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Problems with walking

Headache phase symptoms (also known as a migraine attack):

  • Pulsating, throbbing pain, typically on one side of the head or more intense on one side compared to the other, developing gradually over minutes to hours
  • Sensitivity to light, sounds, smells, or touch
  • Nausea, with or without vomiting
  • Blurred vision
  • A tendency to avoid activity or exertion

Postdrome phase symptoms (may last up to 24 hours):

  • Exhaustion
  • Mood swings, alternating between feeling low and upbeat
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Confusion
    Sensitivity to light and sound

Should I Go To The ER If I Think I Have A Migraine?

Heading to the emergency room for a migraine is often preceded by severe symptoms for days or even weeks. If your migraine symptoms are new or seem more serious than usual, it could be a sign that you need immediate medical care. When deciding whether to visit the emergency room for a migraine, consider:

  • Your migraine hits with a sudden, intense headache, different from anything you’ve felt before.
  • You notice signs of a stroke like weakness, numbness, or trouble speaking.
  • Your headache comes with a high fever, stiff neck, or confusion.
  • You’ve had migraines before, but now you’re dealing with a new headache type that’s more intense or different.
  • Despite trying self-care and the right meds, your migraine symptoms just keep getting worse.

If you’re experiencing loss of consciousness, uncontrollable nausea and vomiting, or any other severe migraine symptoms, don’t wait, head to the ER immediately. Take your symptoms seriously and seek assistance without delay. Visit the closest Surepoint ER near you for immediate care.

Preventing and Treating Migraines at Surepoint ER

Migraine treatment generally falls into two buckets: stopping headaches before they start (preventive) and stopping headaches as soon as they occur (acute/abortive). Treatment options range from medications and therapies to lifestyle changes and home remedies. Each type of treatment plays a crucial role. Your healthcare provider might recommend a mix based on your symptoms, triggers, lifestyle, and overall health. The key is to use the chosen treatment right when the headache starts. Waiting too long makes it less likely for medication to work effectively. Common medications and treatments used to treat and prevent migraines include:

Medications to treat migraines

Pain Medications:

  • Examples: Tylenol (acetaminophen), Advil (ibuprofen), Bayer (aspirin)
  • Good starting point for relief


  • Type of anti-migraine drug
  • Available as oral pills or nasal sprays
  • Reduces headache symptoms

Ergot Alkaloids:

  • Prescribed for severe migraine episodes
  • Available only with a prescription

Preventive treatments for migraines

Lifestyle Changes:

  • Maintain good sleep habits
  • Follow a healthy diet with regular meals
  • Stay hydrated
  • Avoid suspected triggers
  • Engage in regular exercise

Headache Diary:

  • Document key details to identify triggers
  • Include the day and time the pain started, recent food and drink, sleep patterns, emotional state, and activities

Botox® for Migraines:

  • Typically used for facial wrinkles but effective for chronic migraines
  • Works by preventing neurotransmitter release causing migraines

Nerve Blocks:

  • Involves injecting local anesthetic (e.g., bupivacaine or lidocaine) into nerves linked with headache pain

Pay Close Attention to Indicators of a Severe Migraine Emergency —Act Promptly!

migraine symptoms like pounding headache, thirst, fatigue, or dizziness? Surepoint Emergency Centers are at your service 24/7, no appointment necessary. Locate a Surepoint ER near you by clicking the link below and get the care you need today!

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